Hawthorn Berry (Crataegus)
Hawthorn Berry (Crataegus)
The Hawthorn species is a member of the family Rosaceae and genus Crataegus. Hawthorn is a common thorny shrub in the rose family that grows up to 5 feet tall on hillsides and in sunny wooded areas throughout the world. Its flowers bloom in May. They grow in small white, red, or pink clusters. Small berries, called haws, sprout after the flowers. They are usually red when ripe, but they may also be black. Hawthorn leaves are multi-row coils, simple, lobed and have a straight or toothed edge. They grow spirally positioned on long shoots and they are organized in clusters on spur shoots on the branches or twigs. The leaves have lobed or serrated margins and the shape is variable. The border of the flowers is at pseudo-umbrella. Each flower has from 5 to 25 anthers, 5 calyxes and 5 petals and the upper calyx does not have flowers. Hawthorn berries are picked fully ripe in autumn before the first frost. Hawthorn berry is often macerated in herbal vinegar and syrups, infused as hawthorn tea, or used in tincturing.
Hawthorn fruit is rich in biologically active ingredients. It contains compounds with bioactive components such as organic acids, flavonoids, mucoxanthin, polyphenols, triterpenoids, and trace elements. Flavonoids are the most abundant and wide-ranging class of compounds in hawthorn. Currently, more than 60 flavonoids have been isolated from hawthorn, including the oxidized (chrysin, rutin, and quercetin) and reduced (proanthocyanidins, i.e., catechin derivatives) types. The main phenolic acid in hawthorn is chlorogenic acid (8410 ~ 13826.7 μg/g), accounting for more than 80% of the total phenolic acid. Triterpenoids and their derivatives in hawthorn were isolated and identified in the first studies on hawthorn in the 1960s. Hawthorn is a group of plants rich in triterpenoids, and some pharmacological studies have shown that these components have important effects such as cardiac strengthening, increasing coronary flow and improving circulation. And the presence of triterpenoids in the fruit may be the main reason for their anticancer activity.
Hawthorn berry is often macerated in herbal vinegar and syrups, infused as hawthorn tea, or used in tincturing. This flavorful red berries have been used in candies, jams, jellies, wines, cordials, bakery, meat products and are widely available in many forms as dietary supplements.
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May reduce blood pressure
|In vivo study on the effects of hawthorn for hypertension in type 2 diabetes patients taking prescribed drugs|
|Subject||Patients with type 2 diabetes (n = 79)|
|Dosage||1200 mg hawthorn extract daily|
|Parameters analyzed||Blood pressure|
|Functions||Hawthorn reduces both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in type 2 diabetes patients.|
|In vivo study on the hypolipidemic activity of hawthorn fruit in rabbits fed a high cholesterol diet|
|Subject||White male rabbits (n = 24)|
|Dosage||2.0 g/100 g hawthorn fruit powder|
|Parameters analyzed||Enzymatic analysis|
|Functions||Hawthorn fruit possessed hypolipidemic activity.|
May reduce anxiety
|In vivo study on the effect of Crataegus pinnatifida (Shan Zha) on stressed mice|
|Functions||Treatment with Shan Zha reduced depression and anxiety-like behaviours in stressed mice.|
Aids in digestion
Hawthorn is a common herbal remedy for indigestion, and its herbal tonics and extracts have been shown to improve gastrointestinal motility. The phenolic substances in hawthorn, especially phenolic acids, play an important role in the digestive system due to their stable structure. Hawthorn berries stimulate bile and gastric secretions, aiding in the digestion of stagnant food in the GI tract, especially that which is rich in fats or protein.
Hawthorn Berry (Crataegus) Powder
- Improve digestion
- Prevent hair loss
- Lower blood pressure
- May reduce anxiety
- Sugar Free
- No Artificial Colors
- Soy and Gluten-Free