Red Tongkat Ali (Stema Tuberosa)

Red Tongkat Ali (Stema Tuberosa)

Key bioactive compounds found in Tongkat Ali:

  • eurycomanone
  • eurycolactone
  • eurycomalactone
  • quassinoids
  • β-carboline alkaloids
  • canthin-6-one alkaloids
  • triterpene tirucallane
  • squalene derivatives
  • laurycolactone
  • biphenyl neolignan
  • glycosaponin
  • polysaccharide

Before the rise of the British Empire in the 1800s, Tongkat Ali had a rich history in Malaysia, which goes back to the 1600s. The first recorded history of Tongkat Ali in Malaysia was presented to the British leaders in the early 20th century. Although it was used by Malaysians to treat diseases, it was also intended to be used as a natural aphrodisiac. A lot of people believed that Tongkat Ali was a symbol of strength, power, and longevity for primordial men. 300 million people in various countries of South East Asia use the term “Tongkat Ali”, which means Ali’s stick in the Malay language. There are more than 5 billion people around the world who have heard of Tongkat Ali. Other names such as ‘Pasak Bumi’ in Indonesia, ‘Cay Ba Binh’ in Vietnam, and 东革阿里 in China’ are associated with the same name.

The name of the botanical is Eurycoma Longifolia, which was formed from Greek and Latin words. In Greek, the word eurys originally means broad while come means a tufted bush, which describes the plant’s physical attributes. The growth habit of the compound leaves spirals out at the tip of the slender trunk, which is referred to as Eurycoma. In Latin, Longus means long and Folia means leaves, so the compound leaflets that are long and slender are called Longifolia.

Being home to the oldest tropical rainforest gives it a unique advantage, as the soils are rich with minerals and are perfect for the growth of Tongkat Ali plants. The best Tongkat Ali plants grow more efficiently in their natural habitat which is abundant in natural minerals from natural clean water. The natural minerals found in soils unique to some of the deep rainforests in Malaysia are free from human contamination and pollutants that can affect the quality of the compounds found in the roots. An ideal environment for thriving Tongkat Ali plants requires well-drained soil with a high organic matter content coupled with an annual rainfall of 2,000-3,000mm in the ideal temperature range of 25–30oC. This makes Malaysia has the perfect tropical climate for a year on year.

Some of the unique compounds in tongkat Ali do not exist in any other herbs. Scientists are studying this unique bioactive content as it has a lot of therapeutic properties.

Red tongkat ali or Malaysian Red Ginseng comes from a scientific plant known as Stema Tuberosa. This comes from a species known as Jackiopsis Ornate from the family of Rubaceae. This rare tree found growing in virgin rainforests up to 400 metres altitude in Peninsular Malaysia. The plant is similar to Stemona Tuberosa is also found in remote parts of China, Indonesia and Thailand. The root has its name due to its distinct strong red colour and after drying, usually it turns into light red. The acceptable taste is one of the reasons why this root is still popular among locals. The smell and taste of the red tongkat ali are similar to that of ginseng. Compared to yellow and black tongkat ali, it can taste slightly sweet. It means that the level of eurycomanone is the lowest in the red tongkat ali.

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Overcoming Late Onset Hypogonadism (LOH) Symptoms and Treating Hypogonadism

In vivo study on effect of tongkat ali on late-onset hypogonadism
Subject Male adults (n=320)
Duration 1 month
Dosage 200mg daily
  • Control: Placebo
  • Test group: 76 patients suffering from late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) were given 200 mg of a standardised water-soluble extract of Tongkat ali for 1month
Parameters analyzed The Ageing Males’ Symptoms (AMS) according to the standardised rating scale and the serum testosterone concentration were taken
Outcomes Visible benefits

Results show that treatment of LOH patients with this Tongkat ali extract significantly (P < 0.0001) improved the AMS score as well as the serum testosterone concentration. While before treatment only 10.5% of the patients did not show any complaint according to the AMS scale and 35.5% had normal testosterone levels, after the completed treatment 71.7% and 90.8% of the patients showed normal values.

Functions Tongkat ali extract appears to be useful as a supplement in overcoming the symptoms of late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) and for the management of hypogonadism

Restoring hormonal balance and improving psycho emotional state

In vivo study on effect of tongkat ali on stress hormones and psychological mood state
Subject Adults (n=63)
Duration 4 weeks
Dosage 200mg daily
  • Control group: placebo
  • Test group: supplemented with a standardized hot-water extract of TA root (TA)
Parameters analyzed Changes in mood stage, hormone profile
Outcomes Visible benefits

Hormone profile (salivary cortisol and testosterone) was significantly improved by tongkat ali supplementation, with reduced cortisol exposure, increased testosterone status and overall improved cortisol: testosterone ratio in the tongkat ali group compared to placebo.

Functions Tongkat ali, used for centuries in traditional medicine systems of Southeast Asia for treating lethargy, low libido, depression, and fatigue, appears to have significant potential for restoring hormone balance (cortisol/testosterone) and improving psychological mood state in humans exposed to various modern stressors, including aging, dieting, and exercise stress.

Red Tongkat Ali (Stema tuberosa) Standardized Extract Powder

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  • Vegan
  • Non-GMO
  • No Fillers
  • No Flavors
  • No Additives
  • No Preservatives
  • No Artificial Colors
  • Soy and Gluten Free