Papaya Fruit (Carica Papaya)
Papaya (Carica Papaya)
Papaya, also known as papaw or pawpaw is a tropical fruit plant natively grown in the tropics of Americas (Central America and southern America). It is then naturalized throughout the Caribbean Islands, Florida, Texas, California, Hawaii, and other tropical and subtropical climates of the world.
Papaya fruit/berry is usually in vibrant green to orange colour and is in large cylinder or spherical shape, about 15-45 cm long with 10-30 cm wide in diameter. Ripen papaya will attain an amber to orange hue skin and are having softer flesh. The flesh of papaya fruit is typically sweet, soft and juicy and it is a delectable fruit that is hard to resist.
Papaya is enriched with the goodness of nature and it is known as “fruit of the angels” as the nutrient density is so high that it is considered to be suitable for angels.
Papain = Papain is a proteolytic enzyme extracted from the raw fruit of the papaya plant. Proteolytic enzymes help break proteins down into smaller protein fragments called peptides and amino acids. This is why papain is a popular ingredient in meat tenderizer.
Lycopene = a plant nutrient with antioxidant properties. It’s the pigment that gives red and pink fruits, such as tomatoes, watermelons and pink grapefruit, their characteristic color.
One small papaya (152 grams) contains:
- Calories: 59
- Carbohydrates: 15 grams
- Fiber: 3 grams
- Protein: 1 gram
- Vitamin C: 157% of the RDI
- Vitamin A: 33% of the RDI
- Folate (vitamin B9): 14% of the RDI
- Potassium: 11% of the RDI
- Trace amounts of calcium, magnesium and vitamins B1, B3, B5, E and K.
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Rich sources of antioxidants
|Randomised cross-over study|
|Subject||Healthy participants (n = 16)|
|Dosage||Volume of tomato and papaya fed = 13 mg of lycopene
Papaya = 400-506g
Figure 1: Baseline-corrected plasma TAF-rich lipoprotein concentrations of a) total lycopene, b) β-carotene and c) retinyl esters over 9.5 h after the consumption of the test meals.
|Functions||Papaya was shown to provide highly bioavailable β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin and lycopene and may represent a readily available dietary source of provitamin A for reducing the incidence of vitamin A deficiencies in many subtropical and tropical developing countries.|
Improve digestive system
|Randomized Controlled Trial (Double blind placebo controlled)|
|Subject||Volunteers with chronic indigestions and dysfunctions in gastrointestinal tract|
|Dosage||20 mL daily|
|Parameters analyzed||Symptoms of:
Statistically significant improvements of the symptoms “constipation” and “bloating”.
|Functions||Papaya preparation (Caricol®) contributes to the maintenance of digestive tract physiology. It ameliorates various functional disturbances, like symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.|
Protect against skin damage (photoprotection)
|Subject||Adults with skin type-II|
|Dosage||Lycopene sourced from tomato, carrot juice
*papaya also contains lycopene
BOTH lycopene and beta-carotene are different forms of carotenoids that absorb different wavelength of light during photosynthesis.
|Parameters analyzed||Photoprotective effects after consumption|
After 10-12 weeks of intervention a decrease in the sensitivity towards UV-induced erythema was observed in volunteers. Dietary carotenoids may contribute to life-long protection against harmful UV radiation.
Figure 1: Difference of chromametry α-values between before and after irradiation.
|Functions||Plant constituents such as carotenoids and flavonoids are involved in the light-protecting system in plants and contribute to the prevention of UV damage in humans.
Lycopene is the major carotenoid of the papaya and is a very efficient singlet oxygen quencher in the group of carotenoids.