Carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus)
Carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus)
Carrot, which is scientifically known as Daucus carota, is a popular root vegetable known for its bright orange color and sweet taste. It is native from Europe and west and central Asia and was probably domesticated in Afghanistan. Cultivated carrots were introduced in the MA and in Europe around the 8th century BE. Carrot extract is typically made by grinding fresh carrots into a fine powder or by extracting the juice from the carrots using various methods such as steam distillation, cold pressing, or solvent extraction. The resulting extract can then be used in many different applications, including as a dietary supplement, as a natural colorant and flavoring agent in food products, or as an ingredient in skincare products due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is particularly rich in beta carotene, a powerful antioxidant that can help to protect the body against free radicals and oxidative stress, which can contribute to chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. Other beneficial compounds found in carrot extract include vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals such as potassium and calcium.
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One of the active compounds of carrot is beta carotene.
Food and beverages
- Carrot extract is commonly used as a natural colorant and flavoring agent in various food and beverage products such as juices, smoothies, baked goods, desserts, sauces. It can also be used as a nutritional supplement in powder or liquid form, added to protein powders, energy bars, and other functional foods.
Skincare and cosmetics
- Carrot extract is often used in skincare and cosmetic products due to its high content of antioxidants and other beneficial compounds. It can help to protect the skin against UV damage, reduce inflammation, and improve skin texture and tone. Carrot extract is commonly found in moisturizers, serums, and facial masks.
Nutraceutical and supplements
- Carrot extract is used in the formulation of dietary supplements and nutraceuticals due to its high concentration of vitamins, minerals, and other bioactive compounds. It is often added to multivitamin and antioxidant supplements, and immune-boosting formulas.
High Standard Product Quality Control
Studies on the role of carotenoids on immune response have generally used several key immune function assays such as immunoglobulin (Ig) production, lymphoblastogenesis, lymphocyte cytotoxic activity, cytokine production, and delayed type hypersensitivity.
|Type of study||Human|
|Subject||Healthy male nonsmokers (n=25) in the age range of 19 – 58 years, not taking any medication and vitamin supplements, not vegetarian, not anemic, not diabetic, not consuming >280 g of alcohol per week, and having BMI <35 kg/m².|
|Duration||Nearly 2 months|
|Dosage||15 mg beta carotene daily.|
|Group||Group 1: Received placebo for 26 days.
Group 2: Received 15 mg beta carotene daily for 26 days.After the second blood sample was taken on Day 28 of the study, the participants were then crossed-over immediately onto the alternative supplements.Group 1: Received 15 mg beta carotene daily for 26 days.
Group 2: Received placebo for 26 days.Then a final blood sample was taken on Day 56.
|Parameters analyzed||Analysis of monocyte surface molecule expression by flow cytometry|
|Functions||Daily beta carotene supplementation can enhance the expression of functionally associated surface molecules on human blood monocytes which signifies the elevated degree of immune responsiveness of an individual to antigenic stimulation. (Enhancement of cell-mediated immunity)|
Carrot extract contains phytochemicals, such as carotenoids, that have been shown to have antioxidant and anticancer properties and may help to prevent the development of certain types of cancer.
|Type of study||Animal||Cell culture|
|Subject||40 Wistar rats weighing between 220 g and 250 g were injected with 1 × 107/mL of H22 cells (murine hepatocarcinoma cells, HCC).||4 different lines of human colon adenocarcinoma cells, growing in suspension (COLO 320 HSR) or as a monolayer (LS-174, HT-29, and WiDr).|
|Duration||4 weeks||72 hours|
|Dosage||20-60 mg/kg beta carotene given orally daily.||4 different cell lines were incubated with varying beta carotene concentrations of 0, 1, 5, 10, 25, 50µM for 72 hours.|
|Group||Normal Group: Treated with same volume of physiological saline.
Control group: Untreated HCC rats (only received soybean oil.
Test group 1 (low-dose group): HCC rats that are treated with oral 20 mg/kg of beta carotene for 30 days.
Test group 2 (middle-dose group): HCC rats that are treated with oral 40 mg/kg of beta carotene for 30 days.
Test group 3 (high-dose group): HCC rats that are treated with oral 60 mg/kg of beta carotene for 30 days.
|Control group: Received THF
Test group 1: WiDr + THF + beta carotene
Test group 2: LS-174 + THF + beta carotene
Test group 3: HT-29 + THF + beta carotene
Test group 4: COLO 320 HSR + THF + beta carotene
Support Cardiovascular Health
Besides its antioxidant properties, carrot extract contains fiber which can help to lower cholesterol level and reduce the risk of heart disease.
|Type of study||Literature review|
Healthy for Skin
Carrot extract is rich in antioxidants namely, beta carotene and vitamin C, which can help to protect the skin against sun damage and reduce the signs of aging such as wrinkles and age spots. In a study using human skin cells, th researchers found that beta carotene suppresses UVA-induction of the matrix metalloprotease enzymes MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-10, which are the keys to degradation of the extracellular matrix during premature skin aging.
|Type of study||Human|
|Subject||43 Caucasian men with a mean age of 21 years 11 months who do not suffer from any immunological, endocrine, or metabolic disorders.|
|Dosage||Beta carotene from Natural Factors 30,000 IU daily.|
|Group||Control group: Received 400 mg 100% pure lactose capsule daily.
Test group: Received 30,000 IU beta carotene from Natural Factors daily.
|Functions||Carotenoid beta carotene enhances skin yellowness and redness and increases facial attractiveness due to its antioxidant capacity.|
Healthy for Eyes
Research has found that eating a carotenoid-rich diet, including beta carotene, supports eye health and prevents eye diseases. Studies have shown that people with high blood levels of carotenoids may have a reduced risk of macular degeneration by up to 35%.
- Journal DOI: 10.1016/s0022-2143(97)90179-7
- Journal DOI:10.3390/molecules17078595
- Journal DOI: 10.1093/carcin/23.1.11
- Journal DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v59.26762
- Journal DOI:10.1093/beheco/arw188
Carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) Standardized Extract Powder
- Pure 20:1 Carrot Daucus carota subsp. sativus Extract
- Healthy for eyes
- Healthy for skin
- Highly nutritious
- May boost immunity
- May protect your liver
- Prevent cancer
- Ultrasonic hot water/solvent extraction