Monk Fruit (Siraitia grosvenorii)
Monk Fruit (Siraitia grosvenorii)
Monk fruit is indigenous to China and Indonesia and is one among seven species belonging to genus Siraitia. Among seven, Siraitia grosvenorii species is principally cultivated for more than 200 years in Guangxi province of China which accounts for more than 90% of the global production. The fruit of Siraitia grosvenorii is commonly known worldwide as monk fruit and regionally as Luo Han Guo. The plant is a perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae family which produces a round green fruit. The chemical structures of the sweetening components naturally found in the fruit belong to the triterpenoid group of chemicals and are named mogrosides. These are present at 0.55–0.65% in the fresh fruit, and about 2.5% in the dried fruit of S. grosvenorii.
Monk fruit contains essential oil, saccharides, proteins, vitamins and flavours. It is also rich in several triterpene glycosides, commonly known as mogroside, having high biological effects and sweet taste. A group of mogroside principally contains mogroside IV, V and VI, siamenoside I and 11-oxo-mogroside V, considered to be mainly responsible for the strong sweetening property of monk fruit. The primary sweetening component of monk fruit extract, with a content of 1.5–2% in the dried fruit, is mogroside V, which is around 250 times as sweet as sucrose. The mogroside extract from ripe monk fruit could be an ideal replacement of sugar for diabetic and obese patients due to its high level of sweetness and low calorific value than sucrose.
Traditionally, the fruit is used as a natural sweetener of foods and also as a household remedy for nourishing the lungs, and treating sunstroke, dire thirst, constipation, sore throat, cough and cold. Monk fruit extract acts as a sugar alternative in low-calorie health-protective food for diabetics and obese patients worldwide.
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Fresh natural flavor extract powder for Bakery & Beverage.
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|In vivo study on the antidiabetic effect of long-term supplementation with Siraitia grosvenorii on the spontaneously diabetic Goto–Kakizaki (GK) rat|
|Subject||Type 2 diabetic Goto–Kakizaki rat (n =20)|
|Functions||S. grosvenorii extract and mogroside V can significantly promote insulin secretion and regulate blood sugar levels.|
|Fig. 1: Plasma glucose levels of Goto–Kakizaki rats in the non-fasting state. (●), Siraitia grosvenorii extract supplemented group; (○), control group. Values are means (n 10), with standard errors represented by vertical bars.|
|Fig. 2 Results of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Plasma glucose levels (A) and plasma insulin levels (B) at 0, 15, 30, 60 and 120 min after glucose administration in the OGTT. (●), Siraitia grosvenorii extract supplemented group; (○), control group. Values are means (n 6), with standard errors represented by vertical bars. *Mean value was significantly different from that of the control group at the same time point (P < 0·05). †Mean value was significantly different from that at 0 min (P < 0·05).|
|Fig. 3 Fasting pancreatic insulin levels measured by the sandwich ELISA. (■), Siraitia grosvenorii extract supplemented group; (□), control group. Values are means (n 10), with standard errors represented by vertical bars. *Mean value was significantly different from that of the control group (P = 0·013).|
|In vivo study on the effects of Siraitia grosvenorii fruits extract (SGFE) on physical fatigue in mice|
|Subject||Male ICR mice (n =144)|
|Functions||SGFE can extend the swimming time of the mice, as well as increasing the liver and muscle glycogen contents, but decrease the blood lactic acid and serum urea nitrogen levels.|
|Effect of Siraitia grosvenorii fruit extracts (SGFE) on swimming time-to-exhaustion of mice.|
|Effect of Siraitia grosvenorii fruit extracts (SGFE) on blood lactic acid of mice.|
|Effect of Siraitia grosvenorii fruit extracts (SGFE) on serum urea nitrogen (SUN) of mice.|
|Effect of Siraitia grosvenorii fruits extracts (SGFE) on liver and muscle glycogen of mice.|
Monk Fruit (Siraitia grosvenorii) Standardized Extract Powder
- Pure 70:1 Monk Fruit Siraitia grosvenorii Extract
- Natural Sweetener
- Hypoglycemic effects
- Anti-fatigue property
- Ultrasonic hot water/solvent extraction